Indian Independence

Background

The struggle for India's Independence began in 1857 with the Sepoy Mutiny in Meerut. Later, in the 20th century, the Indian National Congress and other political organizations, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, launched a countrywide independence movement.

India woke up to freedom on the 15th August 1947 after a struggle which spanned centuries. The British handed the rule of the country to the Indian leaders at the stroke of midnight. 

Republic Day of India is celebrated every year on the 26th of January. It is a very important day in history for India as this is the day India became a republic after being under the British rule. It was on the 26th of January, 1950 that the Constitution of India came into force.

Key figures

It is a time when we must sit back and remember the freedom strugglers, without whom India may never have got her freedom. 

Rani Laxmi Bai, the Queen of Jhansi, lead her people into a battle against the British in which she fought like a tiger, and was killed heroically. 
 
Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation, lead the country to freedom with his non-violent ideals. He remains a symbol of peace to this day.  

Sardar Vallabhai Patel was responsible for uniting the princely states into one country. 

Bal Gangadhar Tilak, remembered for his court statement in which he proclaimed 'Swaraj is my birthright, and I will have it!'
 
Bhagat Singh, threw a bomb when the Legislature was in session, and was arrested and hung.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was elected President of the Congress when he was just 35. 

Dr. Annie Besant, a Britisher, supported India's freedom struggle wholeheartedly and founded the Home Rule league in India. 

Ashfaqualla Khan, a revolutionary who was given the death sentence, kissed the noose before it went around his neck. 


India's Independence is celebrated on this day by hoisting the tri-coloured flag in the state capitals, and holding cultural programmes. The sport of kite flying symbolizes Independence Day. The skies are dotted with countless kites flown from rooftops and fields to symbolize India's free spirit of India.

India's national flag is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesaria) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. A navy-blue wheel in the center of the white band represents the Ashok Chakra.

 

24 Spokes of Ashok Chakra refers to:

1. Love
2. Courage
3. Patience
4. Peacefulness
5. Magnanimity
6. Goodness
7. Faithfulness
8. Gentleness
9. Selflessness
10. Self-Control
11. Self Sacrifice
12. Truthfulness
13. Righteousness
14. Justice
15. Mercy
16. Gracefulness

 

The National Anthem of India

HINDI LYRICS

 Jana-Gana-Mana-Adhinayaka, Jaya He

Bharata-Bhagya-Vidhata

Punjab-Sindhu-Gujarata-Maratha

Dravida-Utkala-Banga

Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga

Ucchhala-Jaladhi Taranga

Tava Subha Name Jage

Tava Subha Ashisha Mage

Gahe Tava Jaya Gatha.

Jana-Gana-Mangala Dayaka, Jaya He

Bharata-Bhagya-Vidhata,

Jaya He, Jaya He, Jaya He, Jaya Jaya Jaya, Jaya He

 

ENGLISH TRANSLATION

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,

Dispenser of India's destiny.

Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sind, Gujarat and Maratha,

Of the Dravida and Orissa and Bengal;

It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,

 Mingles in the music of Yamuna and Ganga and is chanted by

The waves of the Indian Sea.

They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.

The saving of all people waits in thy hand,

Thou dispenser of India's destiny,

Victory, victory, victory to thee.

 

For further information;

https://www.facebook.com/saarejahanseachahindustanhamara

References;

http://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/india/independence-day

http://www.indiaparenting.com/indian-culture/70_1619/independence-day-facts.html

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